Reasoning

Reasoning
   No Purely Formal Calculus Can Model People's Inferences
   For some considerable time we cherished the illusion that [using formal logic to construct psychological models of reasoning] was the way to proceed and that only the structural characteristics of the problem mattered. Only gradually did we realise first that there was no existing formal calculus which correctly modelled our subject's inferences, and second that no purely formal calculus would succeed. (Wason & Johnson-Laird, 1972, p. 244)

Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science. . 2015.

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  • Reasoning — is the cognitive process of looking for reasons for beliefs, conclusions, actions or feelings. [ Kirwin, Christopher. 1995. Reasoning . In Ted Honderich (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy . Oxford: Oxford University Press: p. 748] Humans… …   Wikipedia

  • Reasoning — Rea son*ing, n. 1. The act or process of adducing a reason or reasons; manner of presenting one s reasons. [1913 Webster] 2. That which is offered in argument; proofs or reasons when arranged and developed; course of argument. [1913 Webster] His… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • reasoning — reasoning; un·reasoning; …   English syllables

  • reasoning — index contemplation, dialectic, discursive (analytical), judgment (discernment), justification, pensive …   Law dictionary

  • reasoning — (n.) late 14c., exercise of the power of reason; act or process of thinking logically; an instance of this; see REASON (Cf. reason) (v.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • reasoning — [n] logic, interpretation acumen, analysis, apriority, argument, case, cogitation, concluding, corollary, deduction, dialectics, exposition, generalization, hypothesis, illation, induction, inference, interpretation, logistics, premise, proof,… …   New thesaurus

  • reasoning — [rē′zəniŋ] n. 1. the drawing of inferences or conclusions from known or assumed facts; use of reason 2. the proofs or reasons resulting from this …   English World dictionary

  • Reasoning — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Reasoning >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 1 =>{ant,477,} reasoning ratiocination rationalism Sgm: N 1 dialectics dialectics induction generalization GRP: N 2 Sgm: N 2 discussion discussion comment Sgm: N 2 …   English dictionary for students

  • reasoning — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ careful, sound ▪ circular, faulty, flawed, specious (formal) ▪ underlying ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • reasoning — n. 1) cogent, logical, plausible, solid, sound reasoning 2) faulty; shrewd; specious reasoning 3) deductive; inductive reasoning 4) reasoning that + clause (her reasoning that the crime had been committed elsewhere proved to be true) * * * [… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • reasoning — Any process of drawing a conclusion from a set of premises may be called a process of reasoning. If the conclusion concerns what to do, the process is called practical reasoning, otherwise pure or theoretical reasoning. Evidently such processes… …   Philosophy dictionary

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